Work package 5: Capacity building

Overall objective

  • To build capacity of partners, health policy makers, health providers, and women in general population and female sex workers in Africa and in India throughout the project

Specific objectives

  • To build capacity among collaborating partners in implementing an integrated SRH package through south-south collaboration of health policy makers, health providers,  FSW and other women in general population  through sharing of knowledge and experience as needed
  • To build capacity of European, African and Indian partners to improve understanding of health systems challenges in the south and enable identification of areas needing future research and funding
  • To build capacity in integrating and strengthening SRH interventions in the context of Targeted Intervention among FSW


WP5 was used to build capacity in knowledge, skills and capabilities of health providers, community members, government and policy makers in the south to provide improved SRH services and Targeted Interventions. This included training and coaching/mentoring. Training programs took place in India, at the Ashodaya Academy which is a regional learning site for the Asia-Pacific that uses the inherent capacity that exists in the sex worker community to transfer knowledge, skills and capabilities. Coaching or mentoring then occurred at the intervention sites. Target groups for training were FSW and secondary or tertiary stakeholders, such as program personnel and policy makers, health care providers, NGO and CBO personnel, and government officials. Training followed 5 major stages of a training cycle:

  1. Identifying Training Needs: Ashodaya trained FSW from the four intervention sites to conduct the participatory training needs assessment. This was conducted among all the stakeholders or target groups of the project and focussed on current knowledge and practices, a problem analysis to understand what problems exist, and what new knowledge, skills or attitudes were desired.
  2. Preparation: Based on the training needs assessment and situation analysis, the curriculum was adapted in consultation with the community. The curriculum had specific learning outcomes for different stakeholders.
  3. Training delivery: Community members were chosen to be the trainers. Training of trainers was done who in turn trained at their site. Appropriate methodology and content was developed, mindful that the target community in most places had a low-literacy level. Over the time 90% of the trainers in each site should be community members as sex worker trust in their peers more than outsiders - only a sex worker can fully understand a sex worker’s issues. Training provided opportunities for experiential learning and content encompasses all aspects of SRH and rights, from delivery of community and facility services, to empowerment, advocacy and stigma reduction.
  4. Applying learning in the intervention: Learning remains longer when immediately applied, and is enhanced if people can reflect upon on it. Therefore, country specific teams ensured that the learning was applied immediately. On-site support was provided for other partners to enhance the application of learning through a coaching and mentoring process.
  5. Evaluation: Evaluation informed further refining of training. Feedback was taken from the participants on
    i) what did you learn;
    ii) how will the learning be applicable in your setting;
    iii) what challenges you envision in deploying this and how can you overcome that.